Goat Facilities Pre/Post Test


Section I. Matching

Directions

In this section, you will:

  1. click on an item in either Column A or B,
  2. click on your answer in the other column,
  3. the matched pair will be automatically entered in the Preview Area at the bottom of the table,
  4. in the Preview Area:
  5. if at any point you are NOT satisfied with a matched pair in the Matched Pairs Area, simply click on the "Remove matched pair" button next to the matched pair and the matched pair will be removed from the Matched pairs Area.
  6. continue until all matched pairs have been added to the Matched Pairs Area,
  7. continue to next section.

Column AColumn B

Below you find a sample number that is contained on the tag of a role of wire along with descriptions. Match the numbers below to their correct definition.
Example: 11-47-6-9
6
Designates the number of horizontal wires in the net
9
Designates the height of the wire in inches
11
Designates spacing of the vertical or stay wires
47
Designates the gauge or thickness of the wire
 


Preview Area




Matched Pairs Area


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Section II. Multiple Choice

Directions

In this section, you will:

  1. click on your choice in the pull-down menu

1. Why is it difficult to control goats with fencing?
2. Which of the following are the most important things to consider when planning goat fences?
3. Which one of the following is not considered to be conventional fencing?
4. Which statement below is the correct definition for stretch braces?
5. The most acceptable vertical stay wire spacing for mesh wire fences for goats is:
6. The purpose of expansion kinks on wire is to provide for expansion and contraction during periods of cold or hot weather.
7. What is the least expensive and most portable type of fencing being used today to contain goats?
8. What is the appropriate number of wires to use on an electric fence?
9. What are some ways for converting existing cattle fences to a goat containment fence?
10. Goat feed troughs should contain how many inches (length) for each adult goat to have adequate space for eating?
11. The ideal feed storage will need to be:
12. A good flooring design for the goat barn is:
13. What is the recommended square feet of floor space needed for a goat shed to accommodate 20 to 25 adult goats?
14. What is the most important nutrient for goats?
15. The water requirement per day per goat is approximately.
16. All animals that have left the farm and been exposed to other goats and all new animals acquired from any source should be placed in a quarantine pen for a minimum of 30 days.
17. Select the appropriate post spacing for wooden or pipe post.
18. Select the appropriate post spacing for and T-posts between wooden or pipe posts.
19. State the acceptable spacing for stretch braces for mesh wire fences.
20. State the acceptable spacing for stretch braces for barbed wire fences.
21. How many feet of wire are in a roll of barbed wire?
22. How many feet of wire are in a roll of net wire?

Section III. Multiple Selection

Directions

In this section, you will:

  1. click on your choices

1. Below are two examples for spacing the strands of barbed wire fence for containing goats. One is the correct spacing and one is incorrect. Select the correct spacing.

  • Bottom strand 3 inches above ground level
  • Second strand 4 inches above bottom strand
  • Third strand 4 inches above second strand
  • Fourth strand 4 inches above third strand
  • Fifth and sixth strand set on 5 inch spacing
  • Seventh strand 6 inches above the sixth strand
  • Eight and ninth strands set on 8 inch spacing
  • Bottom strand 6 inches above the ground level
  • Second strand 4 inches above bottom strand
  • Third strand 6 inches above second strand
  • Fourth strand 2 inches above third strand
  • Fifth and sixth strand set on 5 inch spacing
  • Seventh strand 6 inches above the sixth strand
  • Eight and ninth strands set on 10 inch spacing


2. Below are statements that could be considered as advantages for using electric fences for containing goats. Check the box if the statement represents an advantage.

Fence portability
Ease of installation and removal
Able to control grazing of certain areas on the property
Adaptable for strip or cell grazing
Can defer grazing to allow for re-growth to occur
Control the concentration of animals in brushy areas to reduce vegetation density


3. Below is a list of tools and equipment. Check the box if that tool and/or equipment might be needed when constructing a goat containment fence.

Powered post hole digger
Fencing or lineman pliers
Claw hammer
T-post driver
Handsaw or chainsaw for cutting wooden posts
A torch, cutoff wheel and welding machine for working with metal posts
Stretching equipment, such as a 2-ton come-along
A good quality voltmeter for electric fences


4. When choosing feed troughs for goats one of the most important aspects should be its design. Below is a series of statements related to goat feed troughs. Check the TRUE statement(s); leaving the FALSE statement(s) unchecked.

The design should allow the goats to climb
Design should prevent contamination of feed by feces and urine
Troughs should be designed with a bar running horizontally down the center of the length of the feed trough approximately 8" to 12" above the edge of the trough
Troughs should be designed with a bar running horizontally down the center of the length of the feed trough approximately 16"-24" above the edge of the trough
Feed troughs need to be attached to the ground
Feed troughs need to be portable for ease of movement to cleaner and dryer area
Most commercial troughs are made of steel and a V bottom design
PVC pipe of 6" to 8" inner diameter with a good wooden support frame works well as a goat feed trough


5. Are the statements below true or false in regard to goat mineral feeders? Check the TRUE statement(s); leaving the FALSE statement(s) unchecked.

Salt is corrosive to many materials
Feeders should be designed to resist corrosion
Block minerals are generally preferred over loose minerals
Designs using wood, rubber, plastic and stainless steel are preferred
The design should prevent moisture from getting into the mineral mixture


6. Shade and wind breaks are important considerations for goats. Check the TRUE statement(s); leaving the FALSE statement(s) unchecked.

Producers should provide humane living conditions for the goats
Wet weather does little harm to the adult goat
Kids need protection from the weather elements
Shelter is a consideration even in pens where goats will only be staying for a few hours
Shelter should be available to goats when staying in pens for an extended length of time
Shade trees within a pen are most ideal and the trees will not have to be protected from the goats
A permanent, roofed shed is superior to other types of shade structures
Portable skid shades are better than permanent attached to the ground structures
Wind breaks need to only block the wind from the goats
Wind breaks need to be 36 to 48 inches higher than the goat's height


7. Below are statements related to water quality and watering considerations for goats. Check the TRUE statement(s); leaving the FALSE statement(s) unchecked.

Water availability, accessibility and quality is a number one priority
If available, goats will utilize clean, natural water sources such as a pond, spring or stream over well water in a tank
Goats will drink stagnant water
Goats like a firm hard bank to enter when drinking from a pond, creek or stream
Crushed rock placed for making an entrance to a watering area works well


8. Which of the pens listed below are needed for a successful goat operation?

Corrals and chutes
Working pens
Breeding pen
Weaning pen
Quarantine pen
Kidding pen


9. The following are true or false statements. Check the TRUE statement(s); leaving the FALSE statement(s) unchecked.

Goats are easier to contain than most other livestock.
In most situations the perimeter fences of the property needs to be of a permanent nature.
The expected service life of a net wire fence is shorter than that of other types of fencing.
Permanent corner braces should be of the H-brace type of construction.
The purpose of a stretch brace is to relieve strain on corner braces or on long stretches of fencing.
Corner braces should be placed in the ground a minimum of 30 inches.
Fence of 36 inches height will contain goats.
For horned goats, a 12" vertical stay wire spacing is preferred to a 6" stay wire spacing.
One rod equals 16.5 feet.
Electric fences are commonly used as interior fences.
When choosing troughs, one of the most important aspects should be the cost.
It is recommended to use buckets and other containers at ground level to feed goats.
Hay feeders that suspend the hay off the ground are recommended.
A suitable hay feeder can be constructed by using a 4" by 4" wire panel attached to a fence and slanted out at the height of a goat.
The waste of feed whether a pellet type of feed or hay is one of the major obstacles we strive to overcome when feeding goats.
Shelter should meet the need of our goats and not on our own feeling of need.
Shade in hot weather is not useful for goats.
Shade trees located within the goat pen should be protected at the bottom to prevent goats eating the bark and causing the tree to die.
The single most important nutrient when it comes to supporting plant or animal life is water.