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Fatty acid composition of goat muscles and fat depots

V. Banskalieva, T. Sahlu, and A. L. Goetsch

Small Ruminant Research. 37:255-268. 2000.

There have been relatively few studies on the fatty acid composition of lipids in muscles and fat depots of goats. The present reports available are difficult to use for comparisons, in that samples were collected from muscles and fat depots at various anatomical locations and experiments entailed different designs, and procedures and methodologies differ among experiments as well. Interactions among diet, age, live weight, breed and rearing conditions in the fatty acid composition of lipids in different types of muscles and fat depots in goats have not been extensively studied, and little attention has been given to the characteristic of goats to deposit high levels of internal fat. The goat is known to produce relatively lean meat, yet there have been only a few incomplete reports on the mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acid concentration in muscle (being of importance for human health). For example, currently conjugated linoleic acid, as an anticarcinogenic factor, is the subject of a large number of investigations with ruminants, but not yet with goats. Thus, goat meat fatty acid composition deserves more research attention, especially now when different systems of nutrition and breeding are being tested for improving goat meat production.


 

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